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The advantages of the initial F1 hybrids produced by these crosses include: hybrid vigor, increased honey productivity, and greater disease resistance.
The disadvantage is that in subsequent generations these advantages may fade away and hybrids tend to be very defensive and aggressive.
In Europe and America the species universally managed by beekeepers is the Western honey bee (Apis mellifera).
At some point humans began to attempt to domesticate wild bees in artificial hives made from hollow logs, wooden boxes, pottery vessels, and woven straw baskets or "skeps".Bees that collect honey, which none of my ancestors had ever seen or brought into the land of Suhu, I brought down from the mountain of the men of Habha, and made them settle in the orchards of the town 'Gabbari-built-it'.They collect honey and wax, and I know how to melt the honey and wax – and the gardeners know too.Collecting honey from wild bee colonies is one of the most ancient human activities and is still practiced by aboriginal societies in parts of Africa, Asia, Australia, and South America.In Africa, honeyguide birds have evolved a mutualist relationship with humans, leading them to hives and participating in the feast.
Gathering honey from wild bee colonies is usually done by subduing the bees with smoke and breaking open the tree or rocks where the colony is located, often resulting in the physical destruction of the nest.